Horn of Africa - Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #3, Fiscal Year (FY) 2017

HIGHLIGHTS U.S. Ambassador to Somalia declares drought and food insecurity disaster UN establishes local coordination center in Somalia’s Bay Region UN releases Flash Appeal for Kenya, requesting $166 million Key donors disburse $369 million for drought relief in Somalia in 2017 USG commits additional $132 million for relief efforts in the Horn of Africa KEY DEVELOPMENTS Below-average cereal production and deteriorating livestock productivity in Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia, and northern Kenya are likely to result in increased numbers of people experiencing acute food insecurity through September, according to the USAIDfunded Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET). However, relief organizations are scaling up humanitarian interventions, and emergency food assistance had moderately improved food security conditions in some drought-affected areas of Somalia by mid-March. On March 28, U.S. Ambassador to Somalia Stephen M. Schwartz declared a disaster due to the effects of drought. In response, USAID/OFDA will continue accelerated efforts to support drought-affected households and mitigate the risk of Famine. USAID/OFDA has also increased staffing dedicated to responding to the Somalia crisis in Nairobi, Kenya, and Washington, D.C., and continues to closely monitor the drought situation. On March 16, the UN released a Flash Appeal for Kenya, requesting nearly $166 million to assist approximately 2.6 million people requiring humanitarian assistance through December due to worsening drought conditions. The appeal aims to complement the $208 million Government of Kenya (GoK) drought response plan, which outlines key government interventions between November 2016 and July 2017. The U.S. Government (USG) recently committed an additional $132 million—including $64.7 million from State/PRM for refugee and internally displaced person (IDP) assistance, $43.2 million from USAID/FFP for emergency food assistance to Somalia, and $24.1 million from USAID/OFDA for health, livelihoods, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) programs—to address urgent needs of drought-affected households in the Horn of Africa. The new funding brings total USG FY 2017 assistance for the Horn of Africa response to nearly $415 million.